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Identity Card - Poland

 ID Card

Poland

 

  • Flag

 

  • Anthem (lyrics)

Modern official lyrics

English translation

Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła,
Kiedy my żyjemy.
Co nam obca przemoc wzięła,
Szablą odbierzemy.
Marsz, marsz, Dąbrowski,
Z ziemi włoskiej do Polski.
Za twoim przewodem
Złączym się z narodem.
Przejdziem Wisłę, przejdziem Wartę,
Będziem Polakami.
Dał nam przykład Bonaparte,
Jak zwyciężać mamy.
Marsz, marsz...
Jak Czarniecki do Poznania
Po szwedzkim zaborze,
Dla ojczyzny ratowania
Wrócim się przez morze.
Marsz, marsz...
Już tam ojciec do swej Basi
Mówi zapłakany —
Słuchaj jeno, pono nasi
Biją w tarabany.
Marsz, marsz...

Poland has not yet perished,
So long as we still live.
What the alien force has taken from us,
We shall retrieve with a sabre.
March, march, Dąbrowski,
From the Italian land to Poland.
Under your command
We shall rejoin the nation.
We'll cross the Vistula and the Warta,
We shall be Polish.
Bonaparte has given us the example
Of how we should prevail.
March, march...
Like Czarniecki to Poznań
After the Swedish occupation,
To save our homeland,
We shall return across the sea.
March, march...
A father, in tears,
Says to his Basia
Listen, our boys are said
To be beating the tarabans.
March, march...

 

 

  • Map (location)

 

  • Coin

Polish zloty

 

  • 10 historic dates (most important for the political development of each country)
  • 966 - Duke Mieszko I, the historically recognised founder of the Polish state, adopts Catholic Christianity.
  • 1025 - Boleslaw I proclaims the Kingdom of Poland.
  • 1569 - Poland signs Union of Lublin with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to establish the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a major power in Europe unusual for its powerful parliament of noblemen and its elected kings.
  • 1772 - The Commonwealth is subjected to the first of three major partitions by its neighbours Prussia, Russia and Austria following an anti-Russian revolt.
  • 1791-1793 - A programme of political and social reform culminates in the 3 May Constitution in 1791, which promises civil rights to the urban and peasant population of the Commonwealth. Russia invades to prevent liberal change. Prussia also sends in troops, and the two powers carry out a second partition in 1793.
  • 1807 - Napoleon creates the Duchy of Warsaw as a client state to rally Polish support for his cause.
  • 1815 - The Congress of Vienna creates a rump Kingdom of Poland, ruled by Russia.
  • 1918 - Independent Polish state restored after the end of World War I. Marshal Jozef Pilsudski becomes head of state.
  • 1939 - Nazi Germany invades Poland. Beginning of World War II as the United Kingdom declares war on Germany in response to the invasion. The Soviet Union invades from the east. Germany and the Soviet Union divide Poland between them and treat Polish citizens with extreme brutality. Germany begins systematic persecution of the large Jewish population.
  • 1989 - Round-table talks between Solidarity, the Communists and the Catholic Church. Partially free elections see widespread success for Solidarity, which helps form coalition government.
  • 5 traditional songs (lyrics)
  • "Szła dzieweczka" (traditional song from Silesia)
  • "Hej, bystra woda" (folk song from Tatra mountains)
  • "Lajkonik" (popular children's song in the rhytm of krakowiak - Cracow dance )
  • "Karolinka" (folk song from Silesia)

 

  • 5 traditions

Blessing of the Easter baskets

Probably one of the most enduring and beloved Polish traditions on Holy Saturday – not only in Poland but also within Polish communities all around the world. The name of this custom might sounds mysterious but it’s nothing more than blessing the food that will be eaten during the Easter feast. Of course, you won’t spot people bringing tables full of many traditional dishes right to the front of the church (it would be funny though) instead, a small amount of the most important food like eggs, bread, meat and butter are put inside the basket. It’s a very important tradition in Polish culture so you can often spot entire families participating in it.

Easter Eggs

In Poland eggs are not only used as food on the table. As well, they’re an important part of the Easter tradition. Children decorate them with paints, crayons, stickers, tissue-paper etc. After they’re ready they are used as a decoration for the Easter table and they’re also a part of the Easter bucket.

Wet Monday

If you’re a girl you better read these words carefully! This is a day when young boys set up small (ok…not small. huge.) groups and they hunt for girls to…use their water guns against them. That’s right – they literally do everything they can to make them all wet. Don’t be surprised when you see a small boy running around with the big bucket of water ready to pour it out on a random girl he sees. The most dangerous places during that day? Churches, parks, small streets, squares.

St. Andrew Day - Andrzejki in Poland

Shoes race – everyone in a group take off their shoes. Your next task is to go to the furthest wall from the doors and by putting one shoe at a time in front of each other in the direction of the door. The first shoe which crosses the doorstep belongs to the person who will soon change their marital status.

Picking (literally) the name of your future husband or wife – take a sheet of paper and write as many names of opposite sex as you can (the paper very often is shaped like a heart). Then turn it back to your friends and let put a pin into the back of the paper. The name which is the closest to the pin is your future husband or wife’s name (in some Polish regions you put the pin in the paper yourself).

Christmas

Sharing Christmas wafer – usually takes place before the main supper. During this moment, family members wish all the best to each other. Even if they don’t like each other.

Serving twelve dishes (referring to the twelve apostles) – well, the truth is that Christmas is really about food and eating great things. In reference to the twelve apostles there should be twelve dishes on the Christmas table. What you can find there? Herrings in cream and oil, cabbage with peas, carp (probably the most popular fish in Poland to be served during Christmas and, what’s interesting, is not really eaten any other day of the year ), dumplings (pierogi!), borscht with…pierogi and much more (pierogi for example)! The meal traditionally doesn’t consist of any meat except fish. Every dish should be at least tried as it brings good luck for the upcoming 12 months of the new year

Preparing an extra seat for the unexpected guest – in case a homeless person or a traveller from far, far away comes to your home during Christmas Eve, an extra seat and cutlery is prepared so if such a person comes, they can join the hosts and celebrate the holidays.

 

  • Gastronomy and typical products (10)

Bigos
Bigos is a traditional stew (Hunter's Stew) and is considered to be the national dish of Poland. There are many different recipes and they may vary from region to region. Typically, Bigos includes sauerkraut, various meats and sausages, tomatoes, honey and mushrooms. For meats, you can have bacon, beef, pork, ham or veal. Bigos is considered a "perpetual stew" which means it can be kept in a pot for a week or more. The taste of this stew actually intesifies each time it is reheated.

Pierogi
Pierogi are boiled dumplings stuffed with varying ingredients. After they are boiled, they are fried with butter and finely chopped onions. They can be filled with potato and cheese, mushrooms, and even fruit.

Wild Mushroom Soup

A hearty soup made with mushrooms.

Golabki
Cabbage rolls wrapped around minded pork or beef meat, chopped onions and rice. They are usually baked with a spicey tomato sauce.

Kutia
A small square pasta with wheat, poppy seeds, nuts, raisins and honey. Typically served during Christmas.

Paczki
This is the Polish equivalent to a doughnut. It is a deep-fried piece of dough shaped i nto a flattened sphere and filled with fruit preserves. Most commonly, they are filled with a stewed plum jam or wild rose hip jam. The top can be either covered in glazed or powdered sugar. In Poland, the last Thursday before Lent is known as Paczki Day. (It can also be referred to as Greasy Thursday or Fat Thursday.) It is similar to the American tradition of Fat Tuesday.

Faworki
Patry Twist. This is a sweet, crispy fried pastry straw also known as a "chrust" of "Angel Wing." It resembles a twisted ribbon and like Paczki, is popular during Fat Thursday.

Galaretka
Sweet jelly. It's made from fruit juices and served as a cold dessert. It's also used on decorative cakes and is usually the top layer of a sponge cake with cream.

Makowiec
Sweet poppy cake. This isn't a strick holiday bread, but it is a classic Polish dessert that's commonly served during the holidays.

Pierniki
These are Polish gingerbread cookies. These soft gingerbread shapes are filled with marmalade of different fruit flavours and covered with chocolate.

 

Lech Wałęsa ,( born 29 September 1943) is a retired Polish politician and labor activist. He co-founded and headed Solidarity (Solidarność), the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.

 

  • EU integration

              2003 June - Poles vote in referendum in favour of joining EU.

             2004 May - Poland is one of 10 new states to join the EU.

 

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