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Identity Card - Portugal

 

ID Card

– Portugal –  

 

  • Flag

  

 

  

  • Anthem (lyrics)

 

Heróis do mar, nobre povo,

Nação valente, imortal, 

Levantai hoje de novo

O esplendor de Portugal! 

Entre as brumas da memória, 

Ó Pátria sente-se a voz

Dos teus egrégios avós, 

Que há-de guiar-te à vitória! 



Às armas, às armas! 

Sobre a terra, sobre o mar, 

Às armas, às armas! 

Pela Pátria lutar

Contra os canhões marchar, marchar! 


Desfralda a invicta Bandeira,

À luz viva do teu céu!

Brade a Europa à terra inteira:

Portugal não pereceu

Beija o solo teu jucundo

O Oceano, a rugir d'amor,

E teu braço vencedor

Deu mundos novos ao Mundo!


Às armas, às armas! 

Sobre a terra, sobre o mar, 

Às armas, às armas! 

Pela Pátria lutar

Contra os canhões marchar, marchar! 

 

Saudai o Sol que desponta

Sobre um ridente porvir;

Seja o eco de uma afronta

O sinal do ressurgir.

Raios dessa aurora forte

São como beijos de mãe,

Que nos guardam, nos sustêm,

Contra as injúrias da sorte.

 


Às armas, às armas! 

Sobre a terra, sobre o mar, 

Às armas, às armas! 

Pela Pátria lutar

Contra os canhões marchar, marchar! 

 

 

Heroes of the sea, noble people,

Nation brave, immortal,

Lift up again today

The splendor of Portugal!

Among the mists of memory,

O Fatherland feels the voice

Of your great forefathers,

Who is to lead you to victory!

 

To arms, to arms!

On earth, the sea,

To arms, to arms!

Fight for our Homeland

Against the cannons march, march!

 

Unfurl the unconquerable flag,

In the bright light of your sky!

Brade Europe and the whole world:

Portugal did not perish

Kiss the soil jolly of yours

The ocean, roaring love,

And your conquering arm

He gave new worlds to the world!

 

To arms, to arms!

On earth, the sea,

To arms, to arms!

Fight for our Homeland

Against the cannons march, march!

 

Salute the Sun that rises

On a smiling future;

Let the echo of an insult

The signal rise again.

Rays of that strong dawn

They are as mother kisses,

That protect us and support us,

Against the insults of fate.

 

To arms, to arms!

On earth, the sea,

To arms, to arms!

Fight for our Homeland

Against the cannons march, march!

 

 

 

  • Map (location)

  

 

 

  • Coin

Euro

 

 

  • 10 historic dates

1143 – Independence of Portugal from the kingdom of Leão and Castela.

1297 – Treaty with the king of Leão and Castela, concerning the Portuguese boarders.

1415 – Beggining of the Discoveries.

1498 – Discovery of the sea way to India.

1640 – The Portuguese regain their independence from Spain.

1755 – Lisbon earthquake.

1820 – Liberal revolution.

1910 – Republican revolution.

197425 de Abril. Portugal ended a dictatorship period with a peaceful revolution.

1986 – Portugal joins the European Union.

 

 

  • 5 traditions

Carnival

Carnival  is a Catholic festive season that occurs before the Catholic season of Lent. The main events typically occur during February or early March, during the period historically known as Pre-Lent. Carnival typically involves a public celebration and/or parade combining some elements of a circus, masks and public street party. People wear masks and costumes during many such celebrations, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Excessive consumption of alcohol, meat and other foods proscribed during Lent is extremely common.

 

Popular Saints’ Festivals

The main ones are the Festas de Lisboa, on 12 and 13 June, St. Anthony’s day, and in Porto on the night of 23/24 June when St. John is celebrated. These are enormously vivid celebrations, during which the people take to the streets eating, drinking and having fun in the old neighbourhoods, that are bedecked with arches, colourful balloons and the aroma of sweet basil.

 

São Martinho

Saint Martin's Day is celebrated on November 11 each year. Saint Martin of Tours started out as a Roman soldier then was baptized as an adult and became a monk. It is understood that he was a kind man who led a quiet and simple life. The best known legend of his life is that he once cut his cloak in half to share with a beggar during a snowstorm, to save the beggar from dying from the cold. That night he dreamed that Jesus was wearing the half-cloak. Martin heard Jesus say to the angels, "Here is Martin, the Roman soldier who is not baptised; he has clothed me”.

 

All Souls Day

It is a day of celebration of the dead, where we perform masses and remember family members and friends who have departed. On this day we pray to the sins of the souls who have left the world.

 

Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ, observed most commonly on December 25 as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people around the world. 

  • Gastronomy and typical products

Sardines (grilled)

 

Cozido à portuguesa

(typical dish with potatoes, cabbages and different types of meat – pork, cow and chicken)

 

Pastéis de Belém

 

Sopa da Pedra

(“stone” soup)

 

Caldo Verde

(green soup)

 

 

Polvo à lagareiro

(Octopus)

 

 

Bolo rei

(typical pastry, in Christmas time)

 

Vinho do Porto

(Oporto wine)

 

 

  • 5 personalities

 

Afonso Henriques – first Portuguese king.

 

António de Oliveira Salazar – Dictator from 1933 till 1968.

 

Amália Rodrigues – Fado singer.

 

José Saramago – Literature Nobel prize, in 1998.

 

Cristiano Ronaldo – Futebol player.

 

 

  • EU integration

   1986 – Portugal joins the EU.

 

 

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